(Greek: Λευκάδα), also known as Lefkas or Leukas and Leucadia, is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea on the west coast of Greece, connected to the mainland by a long causeway and floating bridge. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Lefkada. It is situated on the northern part of the island, approximately 1 hour by car away from Aktion National Airport.
Laid-back Lefkada Town is a charming place to spend a day or two, while the soaring mountains of the interior still conceal timeless villages and wild olive groves, and the rugged west coast holds some amazing beaches, albeit in some cases badly damaged by recent earthquakes. Only along the east coast are there some overdeveloped enclaves; if you continue all the way south you’ll find stunning little bays and inlets, as well as windy conditions that attract kitesurfers and windsurfers from all over the world.
The stretch of coast that runs down the east side of the island is by far the busiest and most of the almost contiguous mini-resorts strung along it barely merit a halt, although campers may like to set up at Kariotes Beach in Karyotes, a decent site with a pool and only around 4km from town. Unfortunately, the beaches along here at places like Ligia, Episkopos (another good campsite) and Nikiana share the characteristic of other Ionian east coasts in being rather narrow and pebbly. The main focal point of the East Coast is the island's main resort of Nydri, a 2km strip of villas, hotels, restaurants, bars and shops. Marking the end of Lefkada's more touristic side, Vassiliki is second only to Nydri in terms of visitor numbers. It tends to draw a more youthful crowd, many of whom come for the excellent windsurfing - the bay here is regarded as one of Europe's top spots and hosts international competitions. It's a lively place. The beach is sandy but the sea predictably shallow.
The busiest resort on the western side of the island is Aï Nikitas. The beautiful beach of Kathisma is a superb wide strip of sand that gets very crowded in high season.
The final bathing spot, still further south, is Porto Katsiki, where the most travelled branch of the coast road terminates some distance above sea level.
Lefkada shares the distinction with Evia of being the only Greek island that you can drive right onto without the assistance of a seafaring vessel. The causeway means that Lekada Town is under half an hour by road from Preveza airport, which has flights from Athens most days and other northern European countries in season. There are also at least four daily buses from Athens and other services twice a week from Patra and Thessaloniki.